State-Specific Rates of Mental Retardation -- United States, 1993. Mental retardation (MR) is the most common developmental disability and ranks first among chronic conditions causing major activity limitations among persons in the United States (1). Jan 05, 2011 · Intellectual disability (now the preferred term for mental retardation) is a disorder characterized by cognitive delays. Get the facts from WebMD about .
Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.It is defined by an IQ under 70, in addition to deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that affect everyday, general living.. Once focused almost entirely on cognition Specialty: Psychiatry, pediatrics. Modern statistical methods have told us a great deal about the prevalence of mental retardation. Still, the nature of this disabling condition makes it extremely hard to pin down — even with the most modern tools and procedures. Unlike blindness and obvious birth defects, in most cases mental retardation is an almost invisible disability.
To date, few documents exist with recommendations for screening; one was published by the Massachusetts Department of Mental Retardation. 6 These recommendations represent a consensus using standards from Massachusetts Health Quality Partners and a group of health professionals experienced in the care of adults with ID. However, there are no screening recommendations . Rates of dementia in adults with mental retardation without Down syndrome were equivalent to or lower than would be expected compared to general population rates, whereas prevalence rates of other chronic health concerns varied as a function of condition.Cited by: 130.
For adults with mental retardation who are graduating from high school, Marbridge can provide a college-like experience. Organized into semesters, the training schedule is based on each resident’s Individual Program Plan (IPP) goals. Generally, job skills training places within . The disorder that we evaluate in this category may be described in the evidence as intellectual disability, intellectual developmental disorder, or historically used terms such as “mental retardation.”.
Coping Strategies of Adults with Mild Intellectual Disability for Stressful Social Interactions Adults with mild ID appear to utilize relatively equal rates of Behavioral Avoidance and Cognitive Avoidance strategies when faced with depression, and self-concept in adults with mental retardation. Journal of Intellectual Disability Cited by: 23. Measurement of obesity among 364 adults with mental retardation indicated that rates of obesity were significantly higher among females than males; subjects with severe mental retardation had the lowest overall rates of obesity; and residents of a state-operated institution had lower obesity rates than group home, family, and Intermediate Care Facility residents.Cited by: 255.